FIDE Golden Book 1924-2016
The Full Updated History of FIDE
by Willy Iclicki
Publisher: Thinkers Publishing, 2016
Edition: Paperback large
Founded 92 years ago, in Paris on 20 July 1924, the World Chess Federation (Federation International des Echecs, known as FIDE from its French acronym) is recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) as the supreme body, responsible for the organisation of Chess and its Championships at global and continental levels.
Following its recognition as an International Organisation 10 years ago, the IOC confirmed FIDE as a recognized International Sports Federation.
Prior FIDE, Chess had existed as a sport played at the competitive level for centuries. In over 2000 years, from its origins in India and outlying countries in Asia, the game had undergone changes and metamorphosed into its present form by the 15th century.
In those days, there was no common code governing the Laws of Chess or uniform regulations for International Competitions. The only binding force was that it was a gentlemen's sport which the players were expected to act with decorum and its practitioners enjoyed the enduring beauty of the game.
Today, with a membership of 188 countries, FIDE is one of the most dynamic sports organizations in the world. It brings together men and women of different races, creed and political persuasion as it carries out its main task of developing and regulating the activities of millions of chess players around the world.
The purpose and aim of FIDE are the dissemination and development of chess among all nations of the world, as well as the raising of the level of chess culture and knowledge on a sporting, scientific, creative and cultural basis.
FIDE supports a close international co-operation of the chess devotees in every field of chess activity, thereby also aiming to improve friendly harmony among peoples. FIDE issues the rules of chess and the provisions pertaining to the organisation of the Chess Olympiad, World Championship and all other competitions. It awards the international chess titles of Grandmaster, International Master, FIDE Master, Woman Grandmaster, International Woman Master, FIDE Woman Master, International Arbiter and International Organiser, Chess in Schools Instructor and FIDE Trainer.